SSC San Diego TD 627 Revision D,
Annotated Bibliography of Publications from the U.S. Navy's Marine Mammal Program, May 1998


Brill, R.L. 1993. Reintroducing Captive Dolphins: Responsible Management or Emotional Placebo? (Abs.) Annual IMATA Conf., Kailua-Kona, HI, Nov. 7-12, 1993.

This presentation was based on the Navy's report on reintroduction (see Brill and Friedl, 1993). It compared the emotionally based arguments of "dolphin release" advocates with the objectives and applications of the recognized tools of conservation biology.

Brill, R.L. 1993. The Question of Reintroducing Captive Marine Mammals: A Model for Consideration (Abs.). Tenth Biennial Conf. on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Galveston, TX , Nov. 11-15.

This presentation was based on the Navy's report on reintroduction (see Brill and Friedl, 1993). It specifically described the model for reintroduction presented in the report and reviewed the criteria and requirements deemed necessary for biologically valid and successful reintroduction programs.

Brill, R.L. and W.A. Friedl. 1993. Reintroduction to the Wild as an Option for Managing Navy Marine Mammals. NRaD TR 154 9, 75 pp. with appendices.

Details results of a congressionally directed Navy study to determine requirements for reintroducing formerly captive bottlenose dolphins into the wild. Addresses such issues as candidate selection, behavioral training, disease transmission and genetics, nutritional and environmental issues, and post-reintroduction tracking. Concludes reintroduction is not a cost-effective marine mammal management option for the Navy under the conditions described, but recommends the Navy foster research and development into the methods and technologies required for reintroduction.

Brill, R.L. 1994. Return to the Wild as an Option for Managing Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins. American Zoo and Aquarium Association Conf., Sept. 18-22, 1994.

This paper was presented as part of a "Symposium on Reintroduction" at the conference. It addresses the definition of reintroduction in terms of conservation biology, compares the claims of success and arguments made by "dolphin release activists" with the available empirical data, and questions whether and under what circumstances dolphins of non-endangered species dependent upon human care should be returned to the wild.

Ridgway, S. H., and J. N. Prescott. 1977. The Quandary of Whether to Retain or Release Rehabilitated Strandlings. (Abs.) In: Biology of Marine Mammals: Insights Through Strandings, J. B. Geraci and D. J. St. Aubin. Report prepared for Marine Mammal Commission. Natíl. Tech. Info. Serv. PB-293-890, pp. 298-299.

Pending availability of information necessary for establishing a release program that will maximize survival of rehabilitated strandlings, the authors recommend that such animals be distributed to public display and research institutions, thereby replacing others that might be taken from wild stocks.